Kerry Bakewell

8 Top Causes of Dry Skin and 12 Best Moisturizers

July 20, 2015 - Posted by in Skin Care Community Skin Wellness

12 Best Moisturizers

Is your skin looking horrible, wrinkled, washed out, cracked, and feeling awful? Well, it’s hardly uncommon. Our skin is an amazing organ but it can only take so much abuse before its condition begins to deteriorate.

Before we venture into the 8 main reasons why skin dries out, we should take a closer look at your skin’s composition.

If you splash water on your face, it does refresh your face and seem to moisturize your skin. But in ten minutes that effect will be gone, and you’re happy feeling with it.

The skin’s layers work to keep out just about everything that is put on it, including water, lotions, and oils. It is built to repel all substances, bacteria, viruses, to protect the body’s internal system.

However, its internal structure when healthy, traps moisture within and keeps skin supple and plump and you feeling good.

Trapping Moisture in the Layers of Your Skin

Skin Dryness

Figure 1. Under a microscope your dry skin may look something like this

The top layer is called the stratum corneum. It’s basically a layer of dead skin cells with keratin wedged in between each cell. It’s moisturized with sebum, your skin oil, which is washed away easily.

Without keratin or sebum, the skin becomes flaky and nasty looking. Keratin gives your skin and your hair strength. Keratin also darkens when exposed to light or drying to form blackheads on your skin.

Underneath the stratum corneum is a layer of fat, composed of ceramides, cholesterol, fatty acids, and others. This layer traps water below so it can’t get through to the surface.

If this fatty layer shrinks/breaks down, moisture will be lost and your skin will feel and look dry. This is real dehydration, not just a surface dryness.

Below that layer is the Dermis layer where there are blood vessels, hair follicles, oil glands and collagen and elastin. Collagen and elastin provide support for the skin so it doesn’t look wrinkly and saggy. That support is also important for keeping the skin moisturized.

The lowest layer has hyaluronic acid in it, a type of sugar that binds to water. It’s in some skin moisturizing solutions.

So which are the skin parching culprits?

8 Causes of Dry Skin

  1. Hot showers and hot tub bathing
  2. Washing with detergents and harsh soaps
  3. Hot or frigid weather
  4. Dehydration from not drinking enough water
  5. Aging
  6. Sun exposure
  7. Allergies, eczema and skin ailments
  8. Low indoor humidity

Re-moisturizing to Look Beautiful Again

Don’t fret if your skin looks dry and horrible. Let’s find out what nutrients can replenish and hydrate your skin. Before you begin using any skin lotion, always test a small patch of skin first to determine whether you are allergic to it. Here are the items that comprise the majority of moisturizing lotions:

  1. Olive Oil – may not smell really nice yet it has powerful anti-oxidants and helps to smooth the skin
  2. Hyaluronic Acid – your skin contains 50% of the hyaluronic acid in your body, an amazing substance that draws water and plumps up your skin.
  3. Vitamin e – a powerful anti-oxidant your skin could use more of, which protects damage to collagen, elastin and other skin tissues
  4. Ceramides – help your skin’s protective defense and protect against moisture loss.
  5. Shea Butter – oil is similar to the oil your skin’s oil and has lots of vitamin e, polyphenols and phytonutrients and has UV protective benefits.
  6. Aloe – traditionally used as a skin healer it is believed to contain two hormones that reduce inflammation.
  7. Jojoba – soothing hydrating effect on skin.
  8. Coconut Oil – has fatty acids that help retain moisture and smooth the skin.
  9. Colloidal Oatmeal – has plenty of lipids and minerals that help retain moisture and reduce inflammation
  10. Argan Oil – has vitamin e and fatty acids hydrates and smoothens.
  11. Grapeseed Oil – contains OPC which removes skin damaging free radicals which restores collagen and firms up the skin.
  12. Avocado Oil – rich in omega 3 fatty acids, lecithin and vitamins and absorbs deep into the skin.

You might be asking whether you can use all of the above nutrients in one moisturizing cream. Well, as far as I know, no one has done this. It might be a case of too much of a good thing is bad. Or it’s that these may interfere with or cancel out each other’s effect.

In conjunction with a skin care regimen that uses hydrating MonoDermà E5, you may also apply these additional moisturizers for best results. If you’ve had considerable trouble with your skin, then it might be wise to speak to a dermatologist to discover the specific moisturizer for you.

One thing for certain, is the pure vitamin e must be part of your daily regimen. It’s natural, powerful and is well tolerated by any skin type.

The above post is not meant as specific advice for your dry skin condition. It is wise to speak to a dermatologist or other skin specialist to determine which moisturizing products are best for you and which might pose problems.

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